SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPLICATION OF FARMERS-HERDSMEN CONFLICT IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

F. F. Daodu, K. E. Igbekoyi

Abstract


The study examined the socio-economic implication of farmers-herders conflict in Benue State, Nigeria. Farmers-herders conflict had displaced no fewer than 5,000 persons in the wake of the crisis in Benue State. Such displaced farmers have become a source of liability to other farmers whom they have to beg for food for themselves and their families. Thereby, creating a vicious cycle of poverty in such communities. The study adopted simple random sampling technique in selecting five local government areas in the State and they include; Guma, LGA, Ipiga LGA, Logo LGA, Mkgovur LGA, and Tse-Akaa LGA in Benue State. The study made use of quantitative methods of data collection and as a result, four hundred and seventy (470) copies of questionnaire were used to illicit information from the respondents. The study revealed that 79.2% agreed that the cause of farmers-herders’ conflict in Benue State, Nigeria is due to overlap of farmlands. Also, 90.1% attest the conflict is associated with the conflict of land resource use exacerbated by dwelling resources in Benue State. Furthermore, it revealed that 86.2% confirmed that it leads to relocation of people from Benue State, 84.4% believed that it affects investment and foreign earnings in Benue State, and 86.4% agreed that farmers-herders’ conflict have retarded development in Benue State. The study therefore concluded that farmers-herders conflict affects the socio-economic livelihood of people in Benue State, and by extension in Nigeria where there is conflict. As a results, the study recommended that government at all levels (local, state and federal) should put machinery in place to reduce and curb the conflicts between farmers and herders in the State. Also, residents should be sensitized and educated to always report any suspicious activities of the herdsmen to the security agencies in Benue State, Nigeria. Finally, Government and relevant stakeholders should embrace ranching as a way forward for livestock production in Benue State and Nigeria at large.


Keywords


Conflicts, Displacement, Economic Implication, Framers-Herders Conflict, and Social Implication

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbass, I. M. (2012). No Threat no Surrender: Conflict for Survival between Fulani Pastoralists and Farmers in Northern Nigeria. European Scientific Journal, 8(1), 331-346.

Adisa, R. S. (2012). Land use Conflict between Farmers and Herdsmen – Implications for Agricultural and Rural Development in Nigeria, in Rural Development – Contemporary Issues and Practices. Retrieved from http://www.intechopen.com/books/rural-development-contemporary-issues-and-practices/land-use-conflict-between-farmers-and-herdsmen-implications-for-agricultural-and-rural-development-in

Audu, S. D. (2014). Freshwater Scarcity: A Threat to Peaceful Co-existence between Farmers and Pastoralists in Northern Nigeria. International. Journal of Development and Sustainability, 3(1), 242-251.

Bello, A. S. (2013). Herdsmen and Farmers Conflicts in North-Eastern Nigeria: Causes, Repercussions and Resolutions. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2(5), 129-139.

Blench, R. (2010). Natural Resources Conflict in North-Central Nigeria. Cambridge: Mallam Dendo.

Boulle, L. (1996). Mediation: Principles, Process and Practice. Sydney, Butterworth

Getu, P. & Kolawole, B. (2005). Conflict in Common Property Resource Use: Experience from the Irrigation Project. International Association for Study of Common Property. Zimbabwe.

Ibrahim, M., Abdurrahman, B. I. & Umar, M. B. (2015). An Assessment of Farmer-Pastoralist Conflict in Nigeria using GIS. International Journal of Engineering Science Invention; 4(7), 23-33.

Iro, I. (2010). Characteristics of the Fulani. Retrieved from http://www.gamji.com/fulani3.htm.

John, E. (2014). The Fulani Herdsmen in Nigeria: Questions, Challenges, Allegations. http://elnathanjohn.blogspot.com/2014/03/the-fulani-herdsmen-in-nigeria.html. Accessed 23 November 2014.

Moritz, M. (2010). Understanding Herder-Farmer Conflicts in West Africa: Outline of a Processual Approach. Society for Applied Anthropology in Human Organization, 69(2).

Musa, A., Shabu, T. & Igbawa, M. I. (2016). Resources use Conflict between Farmers and Fulani Herdsmen in Guma Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. Journal of Development Study Resource Manage. 4(1).

Mwani, Jideofor, Abigail and Moussa (2012). The Impact of Conflict and Political Instability on Agricultural Investment in Mali and Nigeria. International Journal of development Study. Vol. 3(4)

Nformi, M. I., Mary-Juliet, B., Engwali, F. D., & Nji, A. (2014). Effects of Farmer-Grazer Conflicts on Rural Development: A Socioeconomic Analysis. Journal of Agricultural Science, 4(3), 113-120.

Odoh, S. I. & Chigozie, C. F. (2012). Climate Change and Conflict in Nigeria: A Theoretical and Empirical Examination of the Worsening Incidence of Conflict between Fulani Herdsmen and Farmers in Northern Nigeria. Arabian Journal of Business Management Review. 2(1), 110-124.

Ogooluwa, T. (2017). Anti-Grazing Policy and Conflict Resolution between Fulani Herdsmen and Farmers in Ekiti State. Asian Research Journal of Arts and Social Science.

Okoli, A. C. & Atelhe, G. A. (2014). Nomads against Natives: A Political Ecology of Herder/Farmer Conflicts in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 4(2), 76-88.

Oladele, I. (2011). Effects of Pastoralist Conflict on Access to Resource in Savannah Area of Oyo state, Nigeria. Life Science Journal, 8(2), 616-621.

Olaniyan, A. & Okeke-Uzodike, U. (2015). Desperate Guests, Unwilling Hosts: Climate Change-Induced Migration and Farmer-Herder Conflicts in South-western, Nigeria. Conflict Study Quarterly, 10, 23-40.

Onuoha, F. & Ezirim, G. (2010). Climatic Change and National Security: Exploring the Conceptual and Empirical Connection in Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 12(4), 255-269.

Rasak, S. E. (2011). The Land Use Act of 1978: Appraisal, Problems and Prospects. A Bachelor’s Degree Long Essay. Faculty of Law, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.

Schema (1996). Landscape and Memory. Harper Collins, London.

Sayne, A. (2011). Climate Change, Adaptation and Conflict in Nigeria. Special Report 274, Washington: United States Institute for Peace, June.

Tenuche, M. S and Ifatimehin, O. O. (2009). Resource Conflict among Farmers and Fulani Herdsmen: Implications for Resource Sustainability. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations. Vol. 3(9): 360-364

Tukur, G. (2013). Communal Conflict in Nigeria: An Examination of Eillo and Ezza-Ezillo Conflict of Ebonyi State (1982-2012). Kuwart Chapter of Anambra Journal of Business and Management. Vol, 4(1)

Yusuf, B. (2004). The Violent Communal Conflicts in the Central Nigeria Upland and the Middle Benue Basin. A Historical Perspective Paper Presented at the Presidential Retreat on Conflict Resolution in Some Central States of Nigeria. NIPSS Kuru 24th-26th Jan 2004


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.