HOT-SPOTS AND COMMUNITY-ORIENTED POLICING CRIME CONTROL STRATEGIES AND INCREASING ARMED ROBBERY AND KIDNAPPING: A STUDY BETWEEN NIGERIAN POLICE FORCE AND GHANA POLICE SERIVICES.

Uchenna Kalu Uduka, Professor Paul Eke, Daisy Chioma Onyige (PhD)

Abstract


Researchers on policing have been worried on the most effective model of crime control strategy in checking the prevalence of crime. There is a great difference on the rate of violent crimes between Nigeria and Ghana due to the effectiveness of the police of these two countries; while it has been observed that the Nigeria Police is faced with fundamental and operational problems in her crime control strategies, Ghana Police have achieved greater result in their crime control strategy with lower rate and trend in armed robbery and kidnapping. The aim of this study was to identify and assess the crime control strategies of the police and their effect in checking the prevalence of armed robbery and kidnapping in a comparative analysis between Nigeria and Ghana, from 2015 to 2018. It adopted a mixed research design of content analysis of crime data obtained from annual police report of Nigeria and Ghana between 2015 and 2018 and interview schedule. 20 respondents from the police headquarters of both countries were selected as sample, using sampling to redundancy technique and interviewed as key persons to give insight into the strategies, which have yielded different success rates and the prevalence, rate and trend of armed robbery and kidnapping in both countries. Findings revealed that the Ghana Police Service to a great extent adopt the hot-spots policing and community-oriented strategies and have more citizens who are willing cooperate with them in problem solving than the Nigeria Police Force. It is recommended that Nigeria should be adequately crime mapped into predominant crime zones with corresponding policing style and embrace state policing for ease of policing.


Keywords


Hot-spots, Community-oriented, Policing. Nigeria Police, Ghana Police

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