CAREGIVER IN PROMOTING SOCIO-COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-SCHOOL CHILD: PROS AND CONS

Romanus A. M. Ezeala (PhD), Lucy M. Apakama (PhD), Kenneth Ndubueze Kanu, Joseph Farmoriji Abiodu

Abstract


This paper on the roles of the care givers in promoting the socio-cognitive development of the pre-school child is an x-ray of the social & cognitive characteristics of the pre-primary school child. The various traits that could be exhibited by the children of that age range and which could help the caregiver to discover whether the child is adjusting socially and learning intellectually were discussed. A caregiver is not just anybody hence the authors consulted many experts and property defined who a caregiver is. FRN through NCCE sees a caregiver as somebody who is knowledgeable in early childhood care and education. He should possess such qualities as enthusiasm, kindness, gentleness and tolerance. Indeed, the roles of the caregiver in promoting the socio-cognitive development of pre-school child discussed in this paper include: helping to build the personality of the child, assisting to set the social and the intellectual tone of the class, he sets the role of the counselor to free the children tension, frustration, insecurity, fear and anxiety. The caregiver also assists the child to improve the teaching learning environment to enhance the social and cognitive development of the child. He encourages the children of the age to ask questions, explore and experiment. To enhance the socio-cognitive development of the pre-school child, some recommendations / suggestions were made, among which include: as soon as the child enters kindergarten, he should have professional guidance-counsellors to observe and guide him. Any trait of social and cognitive maladjustment should be reported to the guidance-counsellor without delay. The caregiver should tolerate the individual differences in the children of this age. The percentage of the child's personality is based on his socio-cognitive developmental level.


Keywords


Caregiver, Socio-cognitive, Development, Pre-school, Child, Pros and Cons

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