INFRASTRUCTURE FOR PEACE IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF THE AMNESTY PROGRAMME IN THE NIGER DELTA

Ijoyah Efe Ann, Adesola Olowokere

Abstract


This study investigated the role of the Amnesty Programme in the Niger Delta, Nigeria as an Infrastructure for peace in the region. There have been controversial opinions on whether the amnesty programme has effectively and successfully restored peace in the Niger Delta. Some scholars have argued that the peacebuilding interventions of the programme have contributed to peace in the region, while others think the contrary. This study therefore undertook an empirical journey and examined the peacebuilding roles of the amnesty programme. The study adopted primary and secondary methods of data collection. In the primary method, questionnaires were administered to one hundred and forty (140) respondents, while the secondary data were sourced from journals, relevant academic textbooks, newspapers and internet materials. The data generated were analysed descriptively. Findings from the study revealed that the amnesty programme contributed significantly to the restoration of peace in the Niger Delta through its various peacebuilding components including payment of monthly stipends to Niger Delta youths, regular interface between relevant government officials and ex-militants, increased government presence in the region through infrastructural developments, among others. Notwithstanding these successes recorded by the amnesty programme is still faced with challenges including political interferences, sabotage by elites and interested stakeholders, government bureaucracy and non-use of conflict management/peacebuilding experts in the implementation of the programme. The research recommend the use of conflict management and experts in the peacebuilding programme implementation in Niger Delta.


Keywords


Niger Delta, amnesty programme, conflicts, peacebuilding.

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