DEPRIVED COMMUNITIES AND CRIMINAL BEHAHIOUR: THE COLLAPSE OF COMMUNITY SOCIAL CONTROL MECHANISM IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA

Gbenemene Kpae (PhD)

Abstract


The prevalence of criminal violence particularly gang violence and property crimes in many neighborhoods and communities in Rivers State is alarming. Many of these communities and slums are concentrated by jobless, poor youths of lower-socio-economic background. These communities are also experiencing break down of collective means of social control of youth behavior since the formal means of crime control have not been able to cope with increasing rates of youth violence. Many communities that, hitherto, used to be governed by elders and traditional leaders are now being ruled by heavily armed youths that are ready to unleash violence on the slightest provocation. This paper examines how breakdown on informal system of social control has exacerbated the crime situation. Drawing on the social disorganization theory, and the concept of collective efficacy, we contend that many communities and neighborhoods in Rivers State are experiencing high rates of gang violence and youth criminality, because of the total collapse of informal means of social control.

Keywords


deprived neighborhood, social disorganization, collective efficacy. Juvenile delinquency

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