THE SOCIALIZATION OF PEACE CULTURE BY THE FAMILY INSTITUTION AS A BASIC UNIT OF THE SOCIETY CAN BE A STRONG BASIS FOR CONFLICT PREVENTION AND RESOLUTION IN THE ENTIRE COUNTRY, NIGERIA

S. A. Farouk

Abstract


The main objective of this work is to show the importance of peace culture socialization in the family institution as a basic unit of the society in peace culture socialization, conflict prevention and conflict resolution in Nigeria. The Nigerian traditional societies hold great value of peace culture during socialization of her young members. This Culture recorded high success in conflict resolution at that time. However, the Nigerian society today maybe heterogeneous but the needed traditional way of conflict prevention and resolution has been eroded and may still prove very useful in  modern time conflict prevention and resolution. Culture by its definition is the summation of the peculiarities of a people’s values which is regarded as the totality of their persons. In extension, any culture that has mal-nutrition in peace socialization and conflict resolution can sustain an unhealthy environment of persistence intra-state conflict. Peace socialization can also be an antidotes of conflict/war culture, that can infiltrate into the main culture. This antidotes like other biological antidotes will help to neutralize the virus of any war/conflict culture that may manage to infiltrate into the main culture, whether from internal forces or external forces. The study discovered that alot is spent on resolution while very little is spent on conflict prevention in Nigeria. Barely 20years back in Ebira Tao land of Kogi State, domestic conflict like the dispute between husband and wife used to attract the attention of everyone around including,close friends, families and next door neighbours alike. That tradition of peace culture has gradually been eroded. In 2007 general election in Kogi State, the region recorded high number of murder victims. The attempt by security operatives to gather useful information on the perpetuators fell on blind faces and deaf years. No son of the region was ready to give useful information to security operatives. Suddenly, it has become every man for himself like in other region of Nigeria. The adage; Be your brother's keeper has become strange in the ears even as religious leaders reiterate the same peace adage. Few decades from now, the adage; be your brother's keeper may completely go into extinct. In addition, the socialization of peace culture on Young Nigerians should be given more priority now than ever. From informal socialization (religious group socialization) to formal socialization in school. The willingness of the people to involve genuinely  in conflict resolution is minimal today compared to the traditional society. This  perceived difference is evidently in the form of peace culture socialization and with scrupulousness of resolution and ingenuous temperament. In the case of conventional schemes, the people think more of themselves as individuals than as a community involved in conflict prevention and resolution. The encounter consistently faced by security operatives speak louder of the  unwillingness of people to give vital information to security operatives. Constant blame Is put on the government on problems of insecurity and acclaim so intrinsically in the difficulty faced by the government in curbing insecurity in Nigeria. This paper is used to suggest that together as a community we can and will curb the menace of insecurity in Nigeria. This paper also suggest that the socialization of peace culture by the family institution can help and will help in curbing insecurity at large and that, there is no “bad; hausa,Igbo,Yoruba,Ebira or Igalla and “Good; Hausa, Igbo,Yoruba,Ebira or Igalla but rather we have “bad Nigerians and good Nigerians” As good Nigerian community, we must collectively work together to curb all forms of violent conflict in our beloved country, Nigeria.


Keywords


Peace Culture socialization, Conflict Prevention and Conflict Resolution

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adewoye, O. (1977). The Judicial Systems in Southern Nigeria London: Longman Group Ltd.

Gluckman, M. (1956). “The reasonable man in Barotse Law”, Journal of African Administration,

Fabunmi, M.A. (1985). Ife – The Genesis of Yoruba Race, Lagos: John west Publications Limited.

International Journal of Social Science Research 2017, Vol. 5,

Fabunmi, M.A. (1985). Ife – The Genesis of Yoruba Race, Lagos: John west Publications Limited.

Rebecca Joy Norlander (2012). Conflict and Culture. Saybrook Psychology.

Fortes, M. (1965). "Some Reflection on ancestor worship in Africa", African system of Thouht (eds.)

M. Fortes and G. Disesten London: Oxford university Press.

Lamle, E. N. (2015). An Introduction: Issues in conflict and peace studies. University Press. Jos

Lamle, Elias N. (2018) “Developing Trends Within Democracy, Human rights and Conflict”

Germany: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing.

Lamle, Elias N. (2018) “African Approaches to Conflict and Peace Studies” Germany: Lap

Lambert Academic Publishing.

Lamle, Elias N. (2017) “Religions and Cultures in Conflict: Marketing the Catechism of Hate”.

Jos: Jos University Press.

Lamle, Elias N. (2017) “Introduction to Conflict and Peace Studies in Africa” Germany: Lap

Lambert Academic Publishing.

Lamle, Elias N. (2017) “Gender Participation, Radicalisation and Peace Building in Nigeria: Arms

Trade Treaty, Land Disputes, The Autochthonous and Settlers within the Benue Trough in

Nigeria” Germany: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing.

Lamle, Elias N. (2017) Skin Colour Complex and African Conflict Genealogy and Social

Construction. Germany: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing.

Lamle, Elias N. (2016) “Conflict and Continuity: Traditional Education, Conflict and Peace

Building in Africa, Tarokland in Context”. Jos: Jos University Press.

Lamle Elias N. (2015) “Identity Politics, Ethno-Religious Nationalism and Conflict:An EthnoBiographical Exposition”. Abuja: Visart Publishing Ltd.

Lamle, Elias N. (2011) “Laughter and Conflicts in Africa: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution in

Africa: A Case Study of the Middle Belt of Nigeria”. Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller

Fadipe, N.A. (1991). The sociology of the Yoruba, Ibadan: University of Ibadan press.

Fajana, A. (1968). Age-group in Yoruba Traditional Society”, Nigeria Magazine 98. Bernardi, B.

(1952). “The age-grade of the Nilo-Hamitic Peoples, A critical evaluation”, Africa,

Igor, K. (1971). The ancestors as elders”, Africa.

Kopytoff, I. (1978). “The Suku of southwestern Congo”, in James L. Gibbs Jr. (ed.) People of AfricaCultures of Africa south of the Sahara n.p. Waveland press, Inc.

Ojielo, M. O (2001). Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Lagos: Centre for Peace in Africa.

Olaoba, O. B. (2008). Yoruba Legal Culture, Lagos: new Age Publishers Ltd.

Olaoba, O. B. (2006). “Yoruba Elders and the control of juristic thought”, Peace studies and Practice

Journal of the society for peace studies and practice.

Olaoba, O. B. (2005). "Ancestral focus and the process of conflict resolution in traditional African

societies”, in 1.0 Albert (ed.) Perspectives on peace and conflict in Africa- essays in honour

of General Dr. Abdulsalami A Abubakar. Ibadan: Peace and conflict studies programme.

Osaghae, E.E. (2000). “Applying Traditional methods to modern conflict: Possibilities and Limits”,

in Zartman, I.W. (ed.) Traditional Cures for Modern Conflict, London: Lynne Rienner

publishers.

Olaoba, O.B. (2002). An Introduction to African Legal Culture, Ibadan: Hope Publications.

Idowu, W. (2005). “Law, morality and the African cultural heritage. The jurisprudential


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 S. A. Farouk

 

 

 

 

   

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.